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* What is it? [1]
* CLICALI, CLIO, CLO, CLII, CL, CLIM, CLIP, CLVI, LI, CLIX, CLXI, CLY, CI, CAI, ALI, CPI, ELI, CHI, CL'S [2]

* Self Help [3]

* man [4]
* apropos [5]
* info [6]
* -h --help [7]

* Networking Commands [8]

* pcmcia_cs (card--- commands) [9]
* ifup, ifdownif down, if-down, Afton, Ogdon, often, Indian, uptown, Ogden, adorn, Aldon, Eldon, Odin, iodine, undone, futon, Ogdan, olden, eiderdown, Aden, Eden, Edin, intone, Aidan, Indiana, undoing, Adorne, Arden, Auden, Audion, Irvin, Ivonne, Orton, Alden, Aldin, Efren, Elden, Eldin, Ibadan, Upton, fifteen, Adan, Avon, Edan, Eton, Ivan, AFDC, Ardeen, afford, effort, ordain, Eaton, afoot, Acton, Aldan, Alton, Anton, Aston, Elton, Afton's [10]
* ifconfigiconic, economic, eggnog, avionic, converge, convoke, evoking, Evenki, invoke, Aconcagua, invoker, organic, eugenic [11]
* wireless-tools (iw--- commands) [12]
* ipIPA, op, up, pi, Io, imp, I, P, i, p, AP, Kip, Pip, RIP, Rip, VIP, dip, hip, kip, lip, nip, pip, rip, sip, tip, yip, zip, IA, IE, Ia, Ir, PP, WP, ii, pp, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, In, It, JP, KP, LP, MP [13]
* route [14]

* System Commands [15]

* dmesgDames, dames, dimes, domes, MSG, damask, desk, deems, Dame's, dame's, dime's, dimers, dome's, Dem's, demos, dams, dims, damsel, Dom's, Dumas, dam's, demise, demist, DMZ, dimer's, tames, times, tomes, Diem's, Tm's, demo's, Tome's, time's, tome's [16]
* psPS, P's, pas, pis, psi, pus, Sp, PA, PBS, PCs, PMS, PMs, PST, Pa, pa, OS, Os, PD, Pd, pd, PPS, P, S, p, s, DPs, UPS, bps, cps, fps, ops, rps, ups, PE, PO, PP, PW, Po, Pu, SS, pi, pp, As, BS, Cs, Es, HS, KS, Ks, MS [17]
* mod-utils [18]

* Other Commands [19]
* Terminal Shortcuts [20]

* [21]
* [22]
* [23]

* Installing or Building packages [24]

* apt [25]
* emerge [26]

* Misc - but still important [27]

* enable forwarding [28]
* /proc [29]
* redirection [30]
* /var/log [31]

* GUI [32]

WHAT IS IT?

Wireless related commands for the beginner (or the forgetful).

This is not a complete list and is not intended as a subsitutesubstitute, subsided, subsisted, substrate, submitted, subside, subsist, subsidise, subsidize, subset, subsidy, subsides, subsumed, substrata for
the manual (MAN MAN) nor the time tested method of experimentation.
It is instead, a list of useful command line entries (or
observations) that will help to kickstartkick start, kick-start, kicks tart, kicks-tart, kickstand, jackstraw, kickiest, custard, Jocasta, quickstep, quicksand the puzzled newbie into
using wireless on Linux [33] effectively.
It concentrates on the CLICALI, CLIO, CLO, CLII, CL, CLIM, CLIP, CLVI, LI, CLIX, CLXI, CLY, CI, CAI, ALI, CPI, ELI, CHI, CL'S as that's the base most of the GUI'sGui's, Gus's, Guy's, Go's, Guise, G's, Gus, Hui's, Geo's, Goo's, Cu's, GE's, Ga's, Ge's, Guss, Ki's, Guys, Gun's, Gum's, Gut's, Guv's, Sui's, Gae's, Gar's, Gay's, Ger's, Goa's, Kai's, Que's, Cue's, Cur's, Gas's, Guess, Gos, Gs, GUI, Gauss, Gui, Gussi, Gussy, Goes, Gas, Gris, Gums, Guns, Guts, Guvs, Luis, Cues, Curs, Cuss, Gars, Gays, Gees, Ques, Quiz work
from, it's also ALWAYS THERE.

If you're after more then the RuteRite, Route, Rte, Rut, Ruthe, Rue, Ute, Rate, Rote, Rude, Brute, Ruts, Rube, Rufe, Ruth, Cute, Jute, Lute, Mute, Rule, Rune, Ruse, Rut's User\'s Tutorial and Exposition
[34] is one of many resources for an introduction to Linux [35].

Feel free to add to it...

CLICALI, CLIO, CLO, CLII, CL, CLIM, CLIP, CLVI, LI, CLIX, CLXI, CLY, CI, CAI, ALI, CPI, ELI, CHI, CL'S

Command Line Interface - Which means you're sitting at a terminal (of
some sort) and entering text strings at the prompt. You may be
physically at the computer or remotely accessing it via SSH [36] or a
serial console [37].

SELF HELP

MAN

* MAN - help pages for any command/appliciation. Also has help pages
for some related configuration files too.
* MAN MAN - review what the man help system does

APROPOS

* APROPOS - search the manual descriptions for

* APROPOS ROUTE - return manuals that consider route to be in their
"domain"

INFO

* INFO - review what the info help system does
* PINFOINFO, PINKO, PINTO, PIANO, PING, PINON, PIN, INF, PINGS, PINION, PINUP, PIAF, PINE, PINY, PINK, PINS, PINT, PINNY, PANTO, PIN'S, PINCH, PINED, PINES, PING'S, PINE'S - a "colorful viewer"

-H --HELP

help switches, add either the short format -H or the long format
--HELP after a command to get help on it.

NETWORKING COMMANDS

PCMCIA_CS (CARD--- COMMANDS)

PCMCIAPARAMECIA, PECKISH, PUCKISH, PYGMIES, PAJAMA, PYJAMA, CAMACHO, PYGMY, PIGGISH, PIGMY'S, PYGMY'S, POCKMARK, PARKMAN, PAJAMAS, PYJAMAS, PAJAMA'S, PYJAMA'S Card Services - generally starts on system boot up or may be
manually started using _/etc/init.d/pcmcia_ and displayed arguments
(RedHat, Fedora, DebianDebi an, Debi-an, Durban, Devina, Deina, Serbian, Devan, Devin, Dean, Debi, Dian, Dobbin, Dubbin, Dewain, Detain, Fabian, Tabina, Debar, Deign, Debra, Debit, Tobin, Denna, Dvina, Dwain, Divan, Drain, Dalian, Damian, Debi's, Deccan, Dorian, Nubian, Debonair, Debunk, Demean, Design, Bean, Dena, Dina, Deana, Deane, Deann, Debbi, Deni, Deon, Diana, Diane, Diann, Dabbing, Daubing, Dobbing, Dubbing, Dilan, Debiting, Ban, Dan, Deb, Deena, Den, Dubai, Bin, Din, Debbie, Deeann, Dublin, Danubian, Deanna, Dion and others)
If it's not running on start up the CHKCONFIGCHICKENFEED, JACKKNIFING, JACKKNIFE, CHICAGOAN, COGNAC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, CHICAGOANS, CHITTAGONG, CHICAGOAN'S, JACKKNIFED, JACKKNIFES, JACKKNIFE'S or SETUP can be used
under RedHatRed Hat, Red-Hat, Redhead, Reheat, Redact, Redcoat, Redheads, Reedit, Hardhat, Radiate, Readout, Redid, Redhead's [38], Fedora to check the start configuration. (What is
it under DebianDebi an, Debi-an, Durban, Devina, Deina, Serbian, Devan, Devin, Dean, Debi, Dian, Dobbin, Dubbin, Dewain, Detain, Fabian, Tabina, Debar, Deign, Debra, Debit, Tobin, Denna, Dvina, Dwain, Divan, Drain, Dalian, Damian, Debi's, Deccan, Dorian, Nubian, Debonair, Debunk, Demean, Design, Bean, Dena, Dina, Deana, Deane, Deann, Debbi, Deni, Deon, Diana, Diane, Diann, Dabbing, Daubing, Dobbing, Dubbing, Dilan, Debiting, Ban, Dan, Deb, Deena, Den, Dubai, Bin, Din, Debbie, Deeann, Dublin, Danubian, Deanna, Dion [39]?)

* CARDCTLCATCALL, DACTYL, CORRECTLY, CATGUT, CORTICAL, TACTILE, CUTICLE, TACTUAL, JADEDLY, CATGUT'S, GUARDEDLY EJECT -- ejects all cards

* CARDCTLCATCALL, DACTYL, CORRECTLY, CATGUT, CORTICAL, TACTILE, CUTICLE, TACTUAL, JADEDLY, CATGUT'S, GUARDEDLY EJECT 0 - ejects first card
* CARDCTLCATCALL, DACTYL, CORRECTLY, CATGUT, CORTICAL, TACTILE, CUTICLE, TACTUAL, JADEDLY, CATGUT'S, GUARDEDLY EJECT 1 - ejects secondcardsecond card, second-card, seconded, recontact, conduct, contact, conductor, semiconductor, syndicate, scanted, Schenectady, superconductor, misconduct, squandered

* CARDCTLCATCALL, DACTYL, CORRECTLY, CATGUT, CORTICAL, TACTILE, CUTICLE, TACTUAL, JADEDLY, CATGUT'S, GUARDEDLY IDENTINDENT, DENT, ARDENT, DINT, INT, RODENT, ADVENT, IDETTE, INTENT, ADEN, EDEN, TENT, EVIDENT, ADENA, IDIOT, INERT, ADDEND, ISN'T, DIDN'T, DON'T - IDENTifyIdentify, Identity, Identifier, Identified, Identifies, Dandify, Identity's a card. Useful when changing the default
driver, by editing _/etc/pcmcia/config, /etc/pcmcia/config-2.4 or
/etc/pcmcia/host_cs.conf_ and changing the module the MANFIDMANDI, MANDIE, MANFRED, MANFUL, MANGED, MANED, MAGNIFIED, MANIFOLD, MANNED, MANDA, MANDY, MOANED, MEND, MIND, MAYNARD, MAYNORD, MANET, MONTI, MANTA, MINED BINDsBinds, Bonds, Bands, Bends, Bond's, Bounds, Blinds, Binders, Band's, Bids, Bind, Bins, Bunts, Bin's, Birds, Finds, Hinds, Kinds, Minds, Rinds, Winds, Bents, Bondy's, Ind's, Binder's, Bing's, Bird's, Bink's, Lind's, Mind's, Rind's, Wind's, Bent's to.


If problems are experienced in ejecting a card, the interface may
need to be brought down first. Programs such as DHCLIENTDH CLIENT, DH-CLIENT, CLIENT, DECLINED, DECLINER, CLINT, DECLINE, DILIGENT, DILUENT, DELINT, DECLINES, GLINT, DECADENT, DOCUMENT may be
blocking the card and preventing a clean exit.

IFUP, IFDOWNIF DOWN, IF-DOWN, AFTON, OGDON, OFTEN, INDIAN, UPTOWN, OGDEN, ADORN, ALDON, ELDON, ODIN, IODINE, UNDONE, FUTON, OGDAN, OLDEN, EIDERDOWN, ADEN, EDEN, EDIN, INTONE, AIDAN, INDIANA, UNDOING, ADORNE, ARDEN, AUDEN, AUDION, IRVIN, IVONNE, ORTON, ALDEN, ALDIN, EFREN, ELDEN, ELDIN, IBADAN, UPTON, FIFTEEN, ADAN, AVON, EDAN, ETON, IVAN, AFDC, ARDEEN, AFFORD, EFFORT, ORDAIN, EATON, AFOOT, ACTON, ALDAN, ALTON, ANTON, ASTON, ELTON, AFTON'S

* IFDOWNIF DOWN, IF-DOWN, AFTON, OGDON, OFTEN, INDIAN, UPTOWN, OGDEN, ADORN, ALDON, ELDON, ODIN, IODINE, UNDONE, FUTON, OGDAN, OLDEN, EIDERDOWN, ADEN, EDEN, EDIN, INTONE, AIDAN, INDIANA, UNDOING, ADORNE, ARDEN, AUDEN, AUDION, IRVIN, IVONNE, ORTON, ALDEN, ALDIN, EFREN, ELDEN, ELDIN, IBADAN, UPTON, FIFTEEN, ADAN, AVON, EDAN, ETON, IVAN, AFDC, ARDEEN, AFFORD, EFFORT, ORDAIN, EATON, AFOOT, ACTON, ALDAN, ALTON, ANTON, ASTON, ELTON, AFTON'S WLAN0 - shutdown the wlan0 interface
* IFUPIF UP, IF-UP, IF, UP, FOP, IFS, IMP, IFFY WLAN0 - start the wlan0 interface
* also see IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC

IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC

* IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC - return configuration of ethernetEthernet, ether net, ether-net, eternity, Athene, ethane, otherness, Ethan, Thant, event, Ethelind, Athene's, ethane's, Athena, earned devices

* IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC ETH0 - eth0 values only

* IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC ETH0 UP - start the eth0 interface
* IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC ETH0 DOWN - shutdown the eth0 interface

WIRELESS-TOOLS (IW--- COMMANDS)

* IWCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EGGNOG, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC, ERGONOMIC - displays all interfaces (the IFCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, EGGNOG, AVIONIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EVOKING, EVENKI, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC of wireless cards)

* IWCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EGGNOG, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC, ERGONOMIC WLAN1 - displays wlan1 only
* IWCONFIGICONIC, ECONOMIC, CONVERGE, CONVOKE, EGGNOG, INVOKE, ACONCAGUA, INVOKER, ORGANIC, EUGENIC, ERGONOMIC TXPOWERTX POWER, TX-POWER, TAXPAYER, EXPORTER, SPEWER, EXPOSE, TAXER, EXPIRE, EXPORT, TAXIWAY, EXPERT, TAXPAYERS, EXPO, TOKES, EXPEL, EXPOS, EXPO'S, DISPOSER, TAXPAYER'S - for cards that support, changes transmit
power (NB: If using mW, don't forget the suffix)

* IWLISTWILIEST, OILIEST, LIST, ILISE, ILLICIT, IDEALIST, EILIS, ELSET, VIOLIST, ENLIST, IDLEST, WHILST, TILSIT, OWLETS, LOST, LUST, OWLS, AILIS, OWL'S, ALISTER, ALIS, ILSA, ILSE, AWLS, ILLS, LAST, LEST, ISLET, ILL'S, AWL'S, EILIS'S, ELI'S, AILI'S, ALI'S, ILA'S, OWLET'S SCAN -- scans from all supported cards and reports stats on
accesspointsaccess points, access-points, excepts, excerpts, expounds, excerpt's, expands, expends or clients found

* IWLISTWILIEST, OILIEST, LIST, ILISE, ILLICIT, IDEALIST, EILIS, ELSET, VIOLIST, ENLIST, IDLEST, WHILST, TILSIT, OWLETS, LOST, LUST, OWLS, AILIS, OWL'S, ALISTER, ALIS, ILSA, ILSE, AWLS, ILLS, LAST, LEST, ISLET, ILL'S, AWL'S, EILIS'S, ELI'S, AILI'S, ALI'S, ILA'S, OWLET'S WLAN0 SCAN - scans for nodes (only from wlan0)

* IWPRIVUPRIVER, PRIVY, PROV, IMPROVE, DEPRIVE, APPROVE, PRAV, APRIL, PROVO, PROVE, PROF, IMPROVER, APR, ARRIVE, PREF WLAN0 HOSTSCANHOST SCAN, HOST-SCAN, HOSTS CAN, HOSTS-CAN, HOSTS, HOSTESSING, HOSTESS, HOST'S, TUSCAN, HISTS, HOISTS, HUNTSMAN, HOUSTON, HOSTAGE, HOSTING, GOATSKIN, HISTORIAN, POSTSEASON, HESTON, HUSTON, HASTEN, HORST'S, HOSTAGES, HOSTESS'S, HEADSMAN, HOSTELING, HOSTESSED, HOSTESSES, AZTECAN, HERDSMAN, HUNTSMEN, HOSTAGE'S # - then issue dmesgDames, dames, dimes, domes, MSG, damask, desk, deems, Dame's, dame's, dime's, dimers, dome's, Dem's, demos, dams, dims, damsel, Dom's, Dumas, dam's, demise, demist, DMZ, dimer's, tames, times, tomes, Diem's, Tm's, demo's, Tome's, time's, tome's to check results - it
peformsperforms, preforms, deforms, reforms, performers, perform, forms, perms, Perm's, form's, perm's, performer's a quick scan of wireless nodes

* 1 = send Probe Request at 1 MbpsBps, MIPS, Maps, Mops, Map's, Mop's
* 2 = send Probe Request at 2 MbpsBps, MIPS, Maps, Mops, Map's, Mop's
* 3 = send Probe Request at 5.5 MbpsBps, MIPS, Maps, Mops, Map's, Mop's
* 4 = send Probe Request at 11 MbpsBps, MIPS, Maps, Mops, Map's, Mop's

To perform MAC filtering (deny), use the following two commands:

* IWPRIVUPRIVER, PRIVY, PROV, IMPROVE, DEPRIVE, APPROVE, PRAV, APRIL, PROVO, PROVE, PROF, IMPROVER, APR, ARRIVE, PREF WLAN1 MACCMDMAHMUD, MAIMED, MAXED, MACUMBA, MALAMUD, MAGMA, MARKED, MOCKED, MUCKED, MCADAM, MAGMAS, MACADAM, MAGDA, MAMET, GAMED, MIMED, SCAMMED, MAHMOUD, MAGICKED, VACUUMED, JAMMED, MARMOT, MCLEOD, MICMAC, MERCADO, MIKED, MGM'S, MAGMA'S 2 - implement a deny policy (see the READMEREAD ME, READ-ME, READE, REDEEM, REAMED, REMADE, READER, REAMER, RENAME, READ, REAM, REARMED, READIER, READMIT, READIED, READIES, RESUME, READY, REARM, READS, REALM, REDYE, ROADIE, READ'S, REGIME, DAME, RADIUM, EDAM, RAMIE, DREAMER, RAM, REM, RAD, RED, READE'S, RAMMED, ROAMED, DREAM, DREAMY in
the HostapHos tap, Hos-tap, Housetop, Hosts, Host, Hosp, Hostage, Host's, Hosted, Hostel, Horst, Hist, Hoist, HST, HTTP, Hasp, Hast, Step, Stop tarball)

* IWPRIVUPRIVER, PRIVY, PROV, IMPROVE, DEPRIVE, APPROVE, PRAV, APRIL, PROVO, PROVE, PROF, IMPROVER, APR, ARRIVE, PREF WLAN1 ADDMACADD MAC, ADD-MAC, ADDAMS, ADMAN, ADAM, ATOMIC, ADC, ADAMO, ADM, ADAMS, ADMIX, TARMAC, ARAMAIC, EDEMA, ADM'S, ATMAN, ADMEN, ADMIN, ADMIT, ADAM'S, ANEMIC, EDEMAS, ADAMO'S, EDEMA'S 00:00:C8:2F:AE:53 - to exclude a specific MAC
address. Then use the following to verify the above input (if using
hostap)
* CAT /PROC/NET/HOSTAP/WLAN1/AP_CONTROL - which should return...

* MAC policy: deny
* MAC entries:1
* MAC list:
* 00:00:c8:2f:ae:53

IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP

supplied by the iprouteuprate, uproot, sprout, pirouette, operate, uprooted, Prut, pirate, prouder, Sprite, sprite, irate, prate, proud, prude, uproots or iproute2 package. A (minimum) 2.2 kernel
is usually required and the package may need to be manually installed.

* There is no manual page, use IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP HELP instead
* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP A display address's

* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP A HELP - further help for address's

* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP R display routes (also review the ROUTE COMMAND)

* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP R HELP further route help

* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP A A 10.10.146.58/30 DEV ETH0 LABEL ETH0:0 - add a virtual
interface to devDev, Deva, Devi, Devy, derv, DEC, Deb, Dec, deb, DE, De, Ev, Dav, Dov, def, div, DEA, Dee, Der, Dew, dew, Del, Dem, Den, Des, Kev, Lev, Nev, Rev, deg, den, rev, Dex, Dev's, De's eth0
* IPIPA, OP, UP, PI, IO, IMP, I, P, AP, KIP, PIP, RIP, VIP, DIP, HIP, LIP, NIP, SIP, TIP, YIP, ZIP, IA, IE, IR, PP, WP, II, DP, GP, HP, ID, IL, IN, IQ, IT, IV, JP, KP, LP, MP L S ETH0 MTUMT, TU, MU, MTV, MTG, BTU, STU, MT'S 1200 - change the mtuMT, Mt, mt, Tu, mu, MTV, mtg, BTU, Btu, Stu, Mt's to 1200

ROUTE

* ROUTE -N - display routes without resolving names (no names =
quicker)

SYSTEM COMMANDS

DMESGDAMES, DIMES, DOMES, MSG, DAMASK, DESK, DEEMS, DAME'S, DIME'S, DIMERS, DOME'S, DEM'S, DEMOS, DAMS, DIMS, DAMSEL, DOM'S, DUMAS, DAM'S, DEMISE, DEMIST, DMZ, DIMER'S, TAMES, TIMES, TOMES, DIEM'S, TM'S, DEMO'S, TOME'S, TIME'S

display the kernel messages. Useful immediately after boot up or at
any time that the OS messages may need reviewing. ie: You have
(computer based) problems

PS

show running processes
options - too many to list - review the manual.

* PS -ADELF - a fairly complete long listing. Needs wordwrapword wrap, word-wrap, wiretap, airdrop, wardered, drape, trap, Woodrow, wardress, dewdrop, strap, wardship, drip, wardroom, towrope, rattrap, satrap, wardering, teardrop, wardrobe, Woodrow's, verdure to
review effectively . Try redirecting
* PS AXFAX, AXE, AF, ALF, AX'S - a threaded listing

MOD-UTILS

Commands centred around modules (drivers). Not usually needed except
when first installing a card, that is not automatically detected.

* LSMODLS MOD, LS-MOD, LSD, LAMED, LIMED, PLASMID, LAMMED, LASSOED, LASED, SMOTE, LOOMED, LACED, LAZED, LIMIT, LUCID, LASTED, LISPED, LISTED, LUSTED, LSAT, SMUT list running modules
* INSMODINS MOD, INS-MOD, INMOST, INSIDE, UNSOLD, UNSAID, INSIPID, INST, INSTEAD, INSURED, ONSIDE, INSIST, INCED, INSET, INSEAMS, INSEAM, INSIDER, INSOMNIA, ENSUED, INSERT, UNSOUND, INSECT, INSULT, IONISED, UNMADE, UNUSED, INMATE, INCISED, INCOMMODE, INSOMUCH, RANSOMED, ANISEED NE2K-PCI - load the module ne2k-pci (realtek cards)

If errors are reported back about missing dependencies then look in
_/lib/modules//modules.dep_, find the module you're trying to load and
see what else is mentioned on that line, in this case it's 8390. Load
8390 first then load ne2k-pci and all should be okay.

* DEPMODDEMODE, DEMOED, DEPOT, DERMOT, DEEMED, DEPEND, DMD, DEPOSED, DEMOTT, DEMOTE, DEPORT, DOMED, TEPID, DAMPED, DUMPED, TEMPED, PMED, DEPT, DOPED, DUPED - register modules into the database DEPMODDEMODE, DEMOED, DEPOT, DERMOT, DEEMED, DEPEND, DMD, DEPOSED, DEMOTT, DEMOTE, DEPORT, DOMED, TEPID, DAMPED, DUMPED, TEMPED, PMED, DEPT, DOPED, DUPED -AE - as above
but list complaints

* DEPMODDEMODE, DEMOED, DEPOT, DERMOT, DEEMED, DEPEND, DMD, DEPOSED, DEMOTT, DEMOTE, DEPORT, DOMED, TEPID, DAMPED, DUMPED, TEMPED, PMED, DEPT, DOPED, DUPED -H - HELP - (and where this small list ends

OTHER COMMANDS

TERMINAL SHORTCUTS

F1, F2 etc will change consoles. Usually up to 7 consoles are
preconfigured, the number can be changed in _/etc/inittab_. Reduce the
number for a headless, low memory machine.

Use scroll back on current console. The scroll back on the current
terminal (console) will be lost when changing to another console.
Unsurprisingly has a similar effect

Enter the start of a command at the prompt then use to complete the
typing. If more than one result would be possible then to list them
all.

INSTALLING OR BUILDING PACKAGES

APT

* APT-GET INSTALL - a VERY easy to use package installer/uninstaller
originally for DebianDebi an, Debi-an, Durban, Devina, Deina, Serbian, Devan, Devin, Dean, Debi, Dian, Dobbin, Dubbin, Dewain, Detain, Fabian, Tabina, Debar, Deign, Debra, Debit, Tobin, Denna, Dvina, Dwain, Divan, Drain, Dalian, Damian, Debi's, Deccan, Dorian, Nubian, Debonair, Debunk, Demean, Design, Bean, Dena, Dina, Deana, Deane, Deann, Debbi, Deni, Deon, Diana, Diane, Diann, Dabbing, Daubing, Dobbing, Dubbing, Dilan, Debiting, Ban, Dan, Deb, Deena, Den, Dubai, Bin, Din, Debbie, Deeann, Dublin, Danubian, Deanna, Dion [40]. Simply type the command and the name of
the application (package) you want and APT will download it, install
it and configure it for you. Apt is available for some rpm
distributions as an add on package, YUM is an equivalent now installed
by default in Fedora [41].
* APT-CACHE SEARCH - a quick way to find and list packages with
short descriptions for DebianDebi an, Debi-an, Durban, Devina, Deina, Serbian, Devan, Devin, Dean, Debi, Dian, Dobbin, Dubbin, Dewain, Detain, Fabian, Tabina, Debar, Deign, Debra, Debit, Tobin, Denna, Dvina, Dwain, Divan, Drain, Dalian, Damian, Debi's, Deccan, Dorian, Nubian, Debonair, Debunk, Demean, Design, Bean, Dena, Dina, Deana, Deane, Deann, Debbi, Deni, Deon, Diana, Diane, Diann, Dabbing, Daubing, Dobbing, Dubbing, Dilan, Debiting, Ban, Dan, Deb, Deena, Den, Dubai, Bin, Din, Debbie, Deeann, Dublin, Danubian, Deanna, Dion [42]. Try something like APT-CACHE
SEARCH WIRELESS and see what you get.
* APT-CACHE SHOW - show the version, size, full description and so
forth for a package.

EMERGE

* EMERGE - a VERY easy to use application installer/uninstaller found
in GentooGen too, Gen-too, Gent, Genet, Ghent, Geno, Kent, Genoa, Gents, Lento, Canto, Gentry, Kenton, Gent's, Gentle, Gently, Genaro, Mentor, Cantor, Guntar, Gunter, Gender, Genned, Gen, Gaunt, Get, Giant, Keynote, Ghetto, Geno's, Janot, Agent, Gena, Gene, Gert, Gino, Jeno, Keno, Quent, Genet's, Ghent's [43]. Simply type the command and the name of the
application (package) you want and PORTAGE will download it, COMPILE
it, install it and configure it for you. Edit /etc/make.conf to setup
exactly how you want your applications compiled.

MISC - BUT STILL IMPORTANT

ENABLE FORWARDING

Routers must have this set, firewalls will often set it within their
scripts.
The scripts or whatever will all write either 0 (false) or 1 (true)
to _/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward_.
Read it using...

* CAT /PROC/SYS/NET/IPV4/IP_FORWARD

Write to it (and enable forwarding) with...

* ECHO 1 > /PROC/SYS/NET/IPV4/IP_FORWARD and check with the previous
CAT command

/PROC

Directory of running processessprocesses, processors, processor's, processed, process's, professes and their configuration variables.
When you edit a configcon fig, con-fig, Cong, confide, confine, confirm, conic, Congo, confer, confab, conga, conform, confuse, confute, converge, convoke, configure, conifer, Kong, conj, conk, gong, confider, concur, conger, connive, convict, convoy, confers, confess, conker, convex, convey file and run the application, this is where
those changes are stored (close enough?)

* CAT /PROC/INTERRUPTS - show irq'sIraq's, Ir's, irks, Ira's, Irv's, ire's, Ark's, Ike's, arc's, ark's, erg's, Iraqi's, Igor's, Iorgo's, Ur's, or's, IRS, Q's, Ric's, Rik's, Iraqis, air's, oik's, Ar's, Er's, Ia's, Io's, Iorgos, IRAs, Iris, ires, iris, arcs, arks, ergs, IQ, is, rigs, airs, oiks, irk in use (and thus check, resolve
clashes)
* CAT /PROC/PCI - show results found for pcipic, CPI, Ci, pi, PC, psi, PCs, Pei, poi, sci, MCI, xci, PCB, PCP, pct, phi bus (slots). ie:
detected values for pcipic, CPI, Ci, pi, PC, psi, PCs, Pei, poi, sci, MCI, xci, PCB, PCP, pct, phi cards such as ethernet, video, cradles
* CAT /PROC - use command completion to display all files in procPRC, prov, PRO, pro, prow, Kroc, Prof, prob, prod, prof, prom, pron, prop, pros
directory, pick one and CAT it

REDIRECTION

redirect output to another place

* egegg, ego, erg, GE, Ge, ECG, EKG, Eng, eh, EEG, E, G, e, g, Ag, EC, ex, Meg, Peg, Reg, beg, deg, keg, leg, meg, neg, peg, reg, veg, ER, EU, Er, Eu, ea, er, EM, ET, Eb, Ed, El, Em, Es, Ev, Hg, Mg, PG, VG, cg, ed, em PS -ADELF > /TMP/DUMP
* LESS /TMP/DUMP - line wrapping (from the above command) is now
viewable.

/VAR/LOG

When something goes wrong, and no messages are returned - LOOK HERE
(it's a directory).
Look here anyway and become familarfamiliar, family, familiars, familial, Camila, Kamila, Kamilah, similar, female, familiarly, molar, Mailer, fail, mailer, Amil, facial, foamier, Mylar, filer, miler, family's with the layout and what is
captured.

* _/var/log_ tells all (that it knows about anyway).

GUI

GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE
Is there a point in listing GUI applications? I can't picture
describing the mouse shortcuts, but the section is here if there's a
need.

Links:
------
[1] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#what_is_it_
[2] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#cli
[3] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#self_help
[4] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#man
[5] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#apropos
[6] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#info
[7] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_h___help
[8] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#networking_commands
[9] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#pcmcia_cscard__commands_
[10] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#ifup__ifdown
[11] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#ifconfig
[12]
http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#wireless_tools_iw__commands_
[13] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#ip
[14] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#route
[15] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#system_commands
[16] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#dmesg
[17] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#ps
[18] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#mod_utils
[19] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#other_commands
[20] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#terminal_shortcuts
[21] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_alt_
[22] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_shift___page_up_
[23] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_tab_
[24] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#installing_or_building_packages
[25] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#apt
[26] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#emerge
[27] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#misc___but_still_important
[28] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#enable_forwarding
[29] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_proc
[30] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#redirection
[31] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#_var_log
[32] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/#gui
[33] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?Linux
[34] http://www.icon.co.za/~psheer/book/index.html
[35] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?Linux
[36] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?SSH
[37] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?SerialConsole
[38] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?RedHat
[39] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?Debian
[40] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?Debian
[41] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?RedHat
[42] http://melbourne.wireless.org.au/?Debian
[43] http://www.gentoo.org

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